The increasing number of cyberattacks & security breaches is alarming, and it is apparent that no business or organization is immune to hackers and cybercriminals. Malware is often one of the many tools used by hackers. Malware stands for malicious software, which is designed to cause security breaches and compromises. There are varied kinds of malware, right from spyware and adware, to ransomware, phishing and trojan horses. Businesses need to find better ways to prevent malware attacks, and here is a look at some of the best practices.
Educate & train employees
Employees, executives, and managers are on the front line of preventing cyberattacks and ensuring security, and it is absolutely necessary to involve everyone. Just having cybersecurity measures is no enough, unless these are implemented. Consider hiring cybersecurity, so that employees are aware of safe browsing practices, how to make the most of software & firmware, and other aspects that can prevent malware attacks.
Update all firmware & software
From firmware of IP cameras and video surveillance systems, to accounting software, independent apps and programs, everything has to be updated to the latest version. Make sure that you are relying on manufacturers to download the updated versions of various firmware and software programs, so that security patches are in place.
Use firebreaks and firewalls
Make sure that devices are placed behind firewalls, and if your company hasn’t developed BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) and WFH policies, as yet, it is time to do so. Besides firewalls, network segmentation could be a great tool for preventing malware attacks in particular. Network segmentation is about splitting the network components into specific segments, so that compromise on one subnetwork doesn’t impact others.
Focus on password protection
Malware attacks are often a result of backdoor entry and social engineering. Password protection policies are one of the key aspects of cybersecurity, and it is necessary to ensure a few basic things
- Change all default usernames and passwords right away
- Teach employees about social engineering
- Ensure that all passwords are strong and complex
- Recommend a password management tool
- Consider using two-three-layer authentication for selected accounts and resources
Finally, keep testing. Unless all networks, devices, and systems are scanned for security issues, you will never know what it takes to prevent a malware attack, or how to work better on cybersecurity measures. A more proactive stance is the better way to focus on cybersecurity.